Essex County Courts

Circuit Court

The Circuit Court houses Essex County's land records, issues marriage licenses, grants divorces, handles will probates and estate qualifications, and hears appeals from the General District Court.

General District Court

The District Court has three divisions:

  • Civil
  • Criminal
  • Traffic

All cases are heard by a judge, no juries are used. Preliminary hearings in felony cases are held in the court. If charged with a traffic violation or criminal misdemeanor, you need to contact the court office and/or appear in this court. The court hears civil suits for claims of $15,000 or less. Appeals from decisions made in the court are heard by the Essex County Circuit Court.

Juvenile & Domestic Relations

Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court handles cases involving:

  • Abandonment of children
  • Abuse and neglect
  • Adults involved in the disputes concerning child custody, visitation, support, and parentage
  • Court consent for certain medical treatments
  • Court ordered rehabilitation services
  • Delinquents
  • Foster care and entrustment agreements
  • Juveniles accused of traffic violations

Additional Information

For more information, forms, listings of other courts, judges, new court decisions from the Virginia Court of Appeals, and general information concerning the Supreme Court of Virginia, visit the Virginia Judicial System website.